BIBLIOGRAPHY [Yokohama Boomtown]

Ann Yonemura, Yokohama: Prints from Nineteenth-Century Japan (Washington,
D.C.: Arthur M. Sackler Gallery and Smithsonian Institution Press, 1990).
This catalog is the basis for the present “Yokohama Boomtown” unit.

Foster Rhea Dulles, Yankees and Samurai: America’s Role in the Emergence of Modern
Japan, 1791-1900
(New York: Harper & Row, 1965).
This exceptionally readable study includes three chapters (6-8) on the period covered in this unit. See also pp. 260-63 for an excellent bibliographic guide to basic primary and secondary sources in English.

Harold S. Williams, Foreigners in Mikadoland (Rutland, VT: Charles Tuttle, 1963).
A breezy and entertaining account by an Australian businessman, long resident in Japan. See especially the chapters on “Yokohama: The Wild West of the Far East” and “Yokohama Musume.”

Tyler Dennett, Americans in Eastern Asia: A Critical Study of United States’ Policy in
the Far East in the Nineteenth Century
(New York: Barnes & Noble, 1922, 1963).
A solid diplomatic history, useful for context and basic facts. See especially chs. 19 (“The Policies of Townsend Harris in Japan”) and 21 (“The United States and Japan: 1858-1869”).

Paul H. Clyde & Burton F. Beers, The Far East: A History of Western Impacts and
Eastern Responses, 1830-1975, 6th edition
(Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1975).
A standard textbook, useful for context and basic facts. See especially pp. 121-31

Marius B. Jansen, The Making of Modern Japan (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University
Press, 2000). This detailed survey history, by a leading American scholar of modern Japan, includes a useful short section on “The Open Ports” (pp. 312-17).

Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia, 2 vol. (Tokyo: Kodansha, 1993).
This concise reference work is a abbreviated version of the indispensable 9-volume Kodansha Encyclopedia of Japan, published in 1983.

Madoka KANAI, ed., Egareta Bakumatsu Meiji (Tokyo: Yushodo, 1973).
This lavishly illustrated Japanese volume reproduces illustrations (and translated articles) pertaining to Japan that appeared in The Illustrated London News between 1853 and 1902.

Yōichi YOKOTA, ed., Yokohama Ukiyoe (Tokyo: Yurindo, 1993).
An excellent collection of 149 Yokohama prints reproduced in full color. This Japanese volume carries the English subtitle “Yokohama Graphica.”

Yokohama Kaikō Shiryōkan, ed., F. Beato Bakumatsu Nihon Shashinshū (Yokohama:
Yokohama Kaikō Shiryōkan, 1987).
This Japanese volume reproduces 236 photographs of Japan by the pioneer photographer Felice Beato, plus over 50 complementary graphics.

Masao Miyoshi, As We Saw Them: The First Japanese Embassy to the United States (1860) (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979. Second edition, New York: Kodansha International, 1994.)

Fred Notehelfer, Japan Through American Eyes: The Journal of Francis Hall, Kanagawa and Yokohama 1859-1866 (Princeton University Press, 1992)

Julia Meech-Pekarik, World of the Meiji Print (New Holland Publishers (UK) Ltd, 1987)


“Yokohama Boomtown” was developed by Visualizing Cultures at the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and presented on MIT OpenCourseWare.

MIT Visualizing Cultures:
John W. Dower
Project Director
Emeritus Professor of History

Shigeru Miyagawa
Project Director
Professor of Linguistics
Kochi Prefecture-John Manjiro Professor of Japanese Language and Culture

Ellen Sebring
Creative Director

Scott Shunk
Program Director

Andrew Burstein
Media designer
Anne Margulies, Executive Director

Research Assistance
Hiraku Shimoda

Ann Yonemura
Senior Associate Curator of Japanese Art
Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Smithsonian Institution
Washington DC


This window on the imagined life of foreigners in Japan at the dawn of the modern era is based on the catalogue of the 1990 exhibition at the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Yokohama: Prints from Nineteenth-Century Japan by Ann Yonemura, © 1990 Smithsonian Institution.

Except where noted, the Yokohama prints presented in this site are from a collection given by Ambassador William and Florence Leonhart to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC and were provided courtesy of the museum.

The Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery jointly form The National Museums of Asian Art.


Funding for this website was provided by:
The National Endowment for the Humanities
The d'Arbeloff Excellence in Education Fund
The Center for Global Partnership

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