Bickers, R. A. and R. G. Tiedemann. The Boxers, China, and the World (Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2007).

Cohen, P. A. History in Three Keys: the Boxers as Event, Experience, and Myth (New York: Columbia University Press, 1997).

Elliott, J. E. Some Did It for Civilization, Some Did It for Their Country: a Revised View of the Boxer War (Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, 2002).

Esherick, J. W. The Origins of the Boxer Uprising (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987).

Schimmelpenninck van der Oye, D. “Russia's Ambivalent Response to the Boxers.” Cahiers du Monde Russe, Vol. 41, No. 1 (Jan.- Mar., 2000), pp. 57-78 41(1): 57-78.

Wagner, R. “China ‘Asleep’ and ‘Awakening’: a Study in Conceptual Asymmetry and Coping with It,” Transcultural Studies, No. 1: 4-139 (2011).

Yang, A. “The Twain Shall Meet: a Subaltern's Vision of China and India During the Boxer Expedition of 1900,” Asia Inside Out: Changing Times, H. F. Siu, E. Tagliacozzo and P. C. Perdue, eds. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2015).


“Chinois d’Europe et Chinois d’Asie,” undated archival
album of cartoons collected by John Grand-Carteret.

About John Grand-Carteret:


“The Boxer Uprising” was developed by Visualizing Cultures at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in collaboration with Peter C. Perdue and Ellen Sebring (co-authors, essay) and presented on MIT OpenCourseWare.

MIT Visualizing Cultures:

John W. Dower
Project Director
Emeritus Professor of History

Shigeru Miyagawa
Project Director
Professor of Linguistics
Kochi Prefecture-John Manjiro Professor of Japanese Language and Culture

Ellen Sebring
Creative Director
Co-author, essay

Scott Shunk
Program Director

Andrew Burstein
Media Designer

In collaboration with:

Peter C. Perdue
Department of History
Yale University

Co-author, essay


Funding for this website was provided by:
Yale University
MIT Visualizing Cultures received generous funding from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Henry Luce Foundation, the Getty Foundation, Japan Foundation's Council for Global Partnership, National Endowment for the Humanities, and MIT's d'Arbeloff Fund for Innovation in Undergraduate Education and MIT Microsoft-funded iCampus project.



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