Sources & Resources

Resources | Credits

Brendon, Piers. 1991. Thomas Cook: 150 Years of Popular Tourism, London: Secker and Warburg.

Brinkley’s 10-volume Japan, Described and Illustrated by the Japanese, “with an essay on Japanese art by Kakuzo Okakura” (Tokyo and Boston: Millet: 1897-98)

Chamberlain, Basil Hall. 1891. Things Japanese: Being Notes on Various Subjects Connected with Japan, 2nd ed. London and Yokohama: Keagan Paul, Trench, Trubner; Kelly & Walsh Ltd.

Chamberlain, Basil Hall. 1927. Things Japanese: Being Notes on Various Subjects Connected with Japan, 5th ed. London and Kobe: Keagan Paul, Trench, Trubner; J.L. Thompson.

Gartlan, Luke. 2001. A Chronology of Baron Raimund von Stillfired-Ratenicz (1839-1911). In Japanese Exchanges in Art 1850s-1930s. Edited by John Clark. Sydney: Power Publications.

Griffis, William Elliot. 1876. The Mikado’s Empire, New York: Harper and Brothers.

Guth, Christine. 2004. Longfellow’s Tattoos: Tourism, Collecting, and Japan. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press.

Hockley, Allen. 2006. Expectation and Authenticity in Meiji Tourist Photography. In Challenging Past and Present: The Metamorphosis of Nineteenth-Century Japanese Art. Edited by Ellen P. Conant. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2006.

Hockley, Allen. 2004. Packaged Tours: Photo Albums and Their Implications for the Study of Early Japanese Photography. In Reflecting Truth: Japanese Photography in the Nineteenth Century. Edited by Nicole Coolidge Rousmaniere and Mikiko Hirayama Mikiko. Amsterdam: Hotei Publishing.

Hockley, Allen. 2004. First Encounters-Emerging Stereotypes: Westerners and Geisha in the Late Nineteenth Century. In Geisha, Beyond the Painted Smile. New York: George Braziller.

Izakura, Naomi and Boyd Torin. 2000. Portraits in Sepia, Tokyo: Asahi Sonorama.

Keeling, W. E. L. 1880. Tourists’ Guide to Yokohama, Tokio, Hakone, Fujiyama, Kamakura, Yokoska, Kanozan, Narita, Nikko, Kioto, Osaka, etc., etc., Yokohama: Sargent, Farsari & Co.

Kroeger, Brooke 1994. Nellie Bly: Daredevil, Reporter, Feminist, New York: Times Books Random House.

Sladen, Douglas. 1891. Club Hotel Guide to Japan, Yokohama: The Club Hotel.


Scholars, teachers, and students interested in the visual history of modern Japan, including photography, can find a wealth of online materials from private dealers as well as public sources. See, for example:

Information on Meiji-era Japan appears in the highly detailed site of antiquarian book and print dealer George C. Baxley. Several links provide original material relevant to “Globetrotters’ Japan” in particular showing various editions of Brinkley’s Japan:

The following juxtaposition originated on the Baxley website:

MIT Visualizing Cultures
spacespace“Tokyo Beauty” (left) is a delicately hand-colored photograph from Brinkley’s Japan. A different woman appears in the identical pose and setting in the untinted photo (right) from Kasumasa Ogawa’s book Celebrated Geysha of Tokyo, published around 1892. Ogawa used the identical studio setting for many of his geisha portraits.

Click here to see more images from the Ogawa book.

“Tokyo Beauty”

More Brinkley-related material:
Japan’s Irish Publicists, 1881-1945 by Peter O’Connor

New York Times Obituary
CAPT. FRANK BRINKLEY DEAD.; Japanese Correspondent of London Times, Author and Instructor.

MIT Visualizing Cultures
MIT Visualizing Cultures
Top: deluxe edition of Brinkley’s Japan.
Left: click to view the title page.
Right: click to view a cartoon from Japan Punch, a Yokohama tabloid, that contains a rare depiction of Frank Brinkley (right, rear) as owner of the Japan Mail newspaper.


“Globetrotters’ Japan: People” was developed by Visualizing Cultures at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and presented on MIT OpenCourseWare.

MIT Visualizing Cultures:

John W. Dower
Project Director
Emeritus Professor of History

Shigeru Miyagawa
Project Director
Professor of Linguistics
Kochi Prefecture-John Manjiro Professor of Japanese Language and Culture

Ellen Sebring
Creative Director

Scott Shunk
Program Director

Andrew Burstein
Media designer
Anne Margulies Executive Director

MIT Visualizing Cultures

Brinkley’s Japan courtesy of Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College

On viewing images of a potentially disturbing nature: click here.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology © 2010 Visualizing Cultures  Creative Commons License   Creative Commons - some rights reserved

MIT Visualizing Cultures
MIT Visualizing Cultures
MIT Visualizing Cultures
MIT Visualizing Cultures
Printable PDF of this chapter
MIT Visualizing CulturesMenu
MIT Visualizing Cultures
Globetrotters’ Japan: People
MIT Visualizing Cultures VC Units MIT Visualizing Cultures About VC VC Scholars Partner Institutions Outreach Conferences & Events Contact Join Us Follow Us Units Icon View Text View Curriculae Globetrotters’s Japan: People Essay Visual Narratives Image Gallery Picturing “the Japanese” Representation & Misrepresentation Urban Life / Rural Life Women: Real & Imagined Media & Messages Picturing “the Japanese” Representation & Misrepresentation Urban Life / Rural Life Women: Real & Imagined Media & Messages Women & Children Female Entertainers Silk Production Cultivating Tea Foreigners Going Native Click to view the title page Click to view a cartoon from “Japan Punch”